Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Case Reports in Orthopedics
Volume 2013, Article ID 401968, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/401968
Case Report

Fatal Pulmonary Embolism following Achilles Tendon Repair: A Case Report and a Review of the Literature

1Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, McGill University, 1529 Cedar Avenue, Montreal, QC, Canada H3G 1A6
2Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
3Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada V5Z 1M9

Received 1 April 2013; Accepted 15 May 2013

Academic Editors: Z. Gugala and J. P. McCabe

Copyright © 2013 Asim M. Makhdom et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. W. H. Geerts, D. Bergqvist, G. F. Pineo et al., “Prevention of venous thromboembolism: American College of Chest Physicians Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines (8th Edition),” Chest, vol. 133, no. 6, supplement, pp. 381S–453S, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. W. W. Coon, “Venous thromboembolism. Prevalence, risk factors, and prevention,” Clinics in Chest Medicine, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 391–401, 1984. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. Y. Falck-Ytter, C. W. Francis, N. A. Johanson et al., “Prevention of VTE in orthopedic surgery patients: antithrombotic therapy and prevention of thrombosis, 9th ed: American College of Chest Physicians Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines,” Chest, vol. 141, no. 2, supplement, pp. e278S–e325S, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. I. K. Y. Lo, A. Kirkley, B. Nonweiler, and D. A. Kumbhare, “Operative versus nonoperative treatment of acute achilles tendon ruptures: a quantitative review,” Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 207–211, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. J. Ingvar, M. Tägil, and M. Eneroth, “Nonoperative treatment of Achilles tendon rupture: 196 consecutive patients with a 7% re-rupture rate,” Acta Orthopaedica, vol. 76, no. 4, pp. 597–601, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. L. J. Lapidus, S. Rosfors, S. Ponzer et al., “Prolonged thromboprophylaxis with dalteparin after surgical treatment of achilles tendon rupture: a randomized, placebo-controlled study,” Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 52–57, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. K. Nilsson-Helander, A. Thurin, J. Karlsson, and B. I. Eriksson, “High incidence of deep venous thrombosis after Achilles tendon rupture: a prospective study,” Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, vol. 17, no. 10, pp. 1234–1238, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. B. Healy, R. Beasley, and M. Weatherall, “Venous thromboembolism following prolonged cast immobilisation for injury to the tendo Achillis,” Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. British, vol. 92, no. 5, pp. 646–650, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. A. Patel, B. Ogawa, T. Charlton, and D. Thordarson, “Incidence of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism after Achilles tendon rupture,” Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol. 470, no. 1, pp. 270–274, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. A. M. Makhdom, A. Cota, N. Saran, and R. Chaytor, “Incidence of symptomatic deep venous thrombosis after Achilles tendon rupture,” The Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. M. R. Lassen, L. C. Borris, and R. L. Nakov, “Use of the low-molecular-weight heparin reviparin to prevent deep-vein thrombosis after leg injury requiring immobilization,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 347, no. 10, pp. 726–730, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. N. P. Saragas and P. N. Ferrao, “The incidence of venous thromboembolism in patients undergoing surgery for acute Achilles tendon ruptures,” Foot and Ankle Surgery, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 263–265, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. S. G. Spanodimos, D. G. Antonatos, K. T. Sotirellos et al., “Double thrombolysis with rt-PA in a patient with massive pulmonary embolism and antiphospholipid syndrome,” Hellenic Journal of Cardiology, vol. 43, no. 6, pp. 253–261, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. S. Venkatachalam and K. U. Wright, “Fatal pulmonary embolism following conservatively managed tendo achilles rupture—a case report,” International Journal of Surgery Case Reports, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 3–5, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. M. I. Yusof, “Acute pulmonary embolism following Achilles tendon repair,” Singapore Medical Journal, vol. 48, no. 8, pp. e234–e236, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. M. L. Laroche, F. Macian-Montoro, L. Merle, and J. M. Vallat, “Cerebral ischemia probably related to isotretinoin,” Annals of Pharmacotherapy, vol. 41, no. 6, pp. 1073–1076, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. M. Ciccone, G. M. Rigolin, G. M. Viglione, M. Borrelli, M. L. Serino, and A. Cuneo, “Thrombosis of the cerebral veins and sinuses in acute promyelocytic leukemia after all-trans retinoic acid treatment: a case report,” Blood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis, vol. 19, no. 7, pp. 721–723, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. S. Hashimoto, T. Koike, W. Tatewaki et al., “Fatal thromboembolism in acute promyelocytic leukemia during all-trans retinoic acid therapy combined with antifibrinolytic therapy for prophylaxis of hemorrhage,” Leukemia, vol. 8, no. 7, pp. 1113–1115, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. T. Miyoshi, T. Otsuki, K. Omine et al., “Acute promyelocytic leukemia accompanied by retinoic acid syndrome with complications of acute myocardial infarction and cerebral infarction during treatment with all-trans retinoic acid,” The Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology, vol. 43, no. 10, pp. 954–959, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. A. Berard, L. Azoulay, H. R. Nakhai-Pour, and K. Moussally, “Isotretinoin and the risk of cardiovascular, cerebrovascular and thromboembolic disorders,” Dermatology, vol. 223, no. 1, pp. 45–51, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. M. Testroote, W. Stigter, D. C. de Visser, and H. Janzing, “Low molecular weight heparin for prevention of venous thromboembolism in patients with lower-leg immobilization,” Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, no. 4, Article ID CD006681, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. M. C. Struijk-Mulder, H. B. Ettema, C. C. Verheyen, and H. R. Büller, “Comparing consensus guidelines on thromboprophylaxis in orthopedic surgery,” Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 678–683, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus