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Case Reports in Orthopedics
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 585986, 3 pages
Case Report

Lower Leg Compartment Syndrome after Appendicectomy

Department of Paediatric Trauma and Orthopaedics, Our Lady’s Children’s Hospital Crumlin, Dublin 12, Ireland

Received 12 October 2014; Revised 11 January 2015; Accepted 27 January 2015

Academic Editor: John Nyland

Copyright © 2015 Shane C. O’Neill et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A 10-year-old boy presented with severe left lower leg pain, uncontrolled with increasing analgesia after appendicectomy. A diagnosis of acute compartment syndrome was made after a delayed referral to the orthopaedic service. The patient subsequently underwent an emergency fasciotomy and made a good functional recovery. To the best of our knowledge this is the first reported case of paediatric lower leg compartment syndrome after appendicectomy in the literature. The case report serves to highlight the importance of maintaining a high index of suspicion for compartment syndrome.