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Case Reports in Orthopedics
Volume 2016, Article ID 3632654, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3632654
Case Report

Inflammatory Neuropathy of the Lumbosacral Plexus following Periacetabular Osteotomy

1UZ Pellenberg Orthopedic Department, University Hospitals Leuven, Weligerveld 1, 3212 Pellenberg, Belgium
2UZ Pellenberg Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University Hospitals Leuven, Weligerveld 1, 3212 Pellenberg, Belgium
3Department of Orthopedics, Ziekenhuis Oost-Limburg, Schiepse Bos 6, 360 Genk, Belgium

Received 7 December 2015; Accepted 26 January 2016

Academic Editor: Paolo Perrini

Copyright © 2016 Stijn Ghijselings et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. During periacetabular osteotomy (PAO), the sciatic, femoral, and obturator nerves are at risk. Most frequently nerve lesions can be attributed to a mechanical cause; however, in the absence of a clear mechanical cause surgeons are faced with a diagnostic problem and in many cases no diagnosis will be established. We report a case of inflammatory neuropathy of the lumbosacral plexus following a PAO. Case Presentation. A 31-year-old female developed weakness of ankle and knee flexion and extension 6 months after a PAO. Electrophysiological studies revealed damage to the obturator, femoral, and sciatic nerve consistent with an inflammatory lumbosacral plexopathy. MRI of the lumbosacral plexus was normal. The patient was treated with multimodal pain therapy and prolonged physiotherapy; nevertheless, symptoms worsened over time. At 2-year follow-up, there were no signs of recovery. Discussion. Inflammatory neuropathy of the lumbosacral plexus is a potential cause of pain and weakness after ipsilateral orthopaedic procedures. It should be distinguished from more frequently encountered mechanical causes of postsurgical neuropathy based on clinical suspicion, electrophysiological studies, MRI, and nerve biopsy. It is important that the orthopaedic community is aware of this complication since there is some evidence that early recognition and initiation of immunosuppressive therapy can lead to improved clinical outcome.