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Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 625185, 2 pages
Case Report

Benign Lymphoid Hyperplasia of the Tongue Base Causing Upper Airway Obstruction

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Royal Victoria Hospital, McGill University, 687 Pine Avenue West E3-37, Montreal, QC, Canada H3A 1A1

Received 12 July 2011; Accepted 3 August 2011

Academic Editors: A. Casani, A. Kakigi, and A. Rapoport

Copyright © 2011 Noah B. Sands and Marc Tewfik. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Severe benign lymphoid hyperplasia (LH) is unusual in the head and neck region, but the diagnosis of LH is of clinical importance as it may be confused with malignant lymphoma, both on clinical examination and pathologically. While the etiology is poorly understood, a number of previous theories exist, which are included here in the context of a literature review. In this paper we present a case of severe pharyngeal lymphoid hyperplasia causing airway obstruction and requiring tracheotomy and subsequent surgical debulking.