Case Reports in Otolaryngology
 Journal metrics
Acceptance rate37%
Submission to final decision135 days
Acceptance to publication26 days
CiteScore-
Journal Citation Indicator0.190
Impact Factor-

Importance of Imaging in Congenital Unilateral Vocal Fold Paralysis: A Case of Neck Neuroblastoma Presenting with Unilateral Vocal Fold Paralysis

Read the full article

 Journal profile

Case Reports in Otolaryngology publishes case reports and case series in all areas of otolaryngology, including head and neck surgery, facial plastic and reconstructive surgery, maxillofacial surgery, and pediatric otolaryngology.

 Editor spotlight

Case Reports in Otolaryngology maintains an Editorial Board of practicing researchers from around the world, to ensure manuscripts are handled by editors who are experts in the field of study.

 Abstracting and Indexing

This journal's articles appear in a wide range of abstracting and indexing databases, and are covered by numerous other services that aid discovery and access. Find out more about where and how the content of this journal is available.

Latest Articles

More articles
Case Report

Bilateral Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Palsy following Total Thyroidectomy in Triple A Syndrome, an Unexpected but Critical Complication

Introduction. Triple “A” syndrome (TAS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder that presents in childhood with achalasia cardia, alacrima, ACTH-resistant adrenal insufficiency, with sensorimotor and autonomic polyneuropathy developing later in the course of the disease. Case Presentation. An adult white male affected by this syndrome underwent an uneventful total thyroidectomy for malignancy and suffered delayed bilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy in the early postoperative hours. The palsy spontaneously resolved after a five-week course. Conclusion. Given the rarity of this severe condition and the absence of surgical or medical causes identifiable, there is possibility that it is the neurological involvement caused by TAS that predisposed the patient to this adverse outcome, precipitated by standard manipulations during surgery.

Case Report

INI1-Intact Sinonasal Carcinoma with Rhabdoid Features

Sinonasal malignancies are known for their associated poor prognosis and diversity of histologic features. While poor prognosis is largely due to advanced disease at presentation, histologic features also play a significant role. Therefore, accurate pathologic diagnosis is of utmost importance. Here, we describe a 63-year-old male with chronic left-sided nasal obstruction and left-sided epistaxis who was found to have a large mass occupying most of the nasal cavity extending through the nasopharynx to just below the nasopharyngeal surface of the soft palate. During surgical excision, the mass was noted to originate from the floor of the maxillary sinus with erosion of the medial wall of the maxillary sinus. Pathology revealed a diagnosis of INI1-intact poorly differentiated composite carcinoma with rhabdoid phenotype and sarcomatoid and squamous cell carcinoma foci arising within an inverted papilloma. Included in this report is a detailed description of both the patient’s medical course and this pathologically novel sinonasal neoplasm. We aim to elucidate this rare tumor’s complex features in order to improve future diagnosis and stimulate prospective research on sinonasal malignancies with complex histology.

Case Report

ALK-Positive Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma: A Diagnostic Dilemma for the Otolaryngologist in a Resource Poor Setting

Anaplastic large cell lymphoma is a rare subtype of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. The morphological diversity with which its anaplastic cells confer make the diagnosis of this hematological entity extremely challenging to the pathologist in a resource poor setting. We present a case of a 35-year-old male with a nasopharyngeal mass and cervical lymphadenopathy and the adversities faced by out otolaryngology department with obtaining the diagnosis of ALK-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma.

Case Report

Alobar Holoprosencephaly with Cebocephaly in a Neonate Born to an HIV-Positive Mother in Eastern Uganda

Background. Holoprosencephaly (HPE) is a rare cerebrofacial abnormality resulting from the complete or partial failure of the diverticulation and cleavage of the primitive forebrain. It has an incidence at birth of 1:16000. Case Presentation. We report a case of a 2600 g newborn female delivered by an HIV-infected mother in whom an antenatal ultrasound scan at 34 weeks’ gestation reported features of fetal alobar holoprosencephaly. The neonate was born with cebocephaly, a monkey-like head, and did not survive for more than 30 minutes following delivery by caesarian section despite oxygen therapy. Conclusion. Alobar HPE with cebocephaly remains incompatible with life. In this resource-limited setting, the diagnosis was made clinically, and only an ultrasound scan was performed to confirm the diagnosis. Chromosomal analysis could have given more information.

Case Report

Deep Neck Infection: Atypical Presentation of Papillary Thyroid Cancer

Deep neck infection is defined as an infectious process in the potential spaces and fascial plane of the neck which may result in a fatal complication. Prompt drainage and broad-spectrum antibiotics are the mainstays of treatment. Deep neck infection as the initial presentation of primary head and neck cancer is not common. Nevertheless, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma is the most common primary head and neck cancer, which could present with cervical metastasis and subsequently becomes infected. Papillary thyroid cancer has a naturally indolent course, and most patients present with a thyroid nodule. However, deep neck infection could be an uncommon presentation of papillary thyroid cancer which may obscure the diagnosis of underlying malignancy. This case report aims to present a rare presentation of papillary thyroid cancer which needs meticulous evaluation. Moreover, the pathological examination should be performed in all cases of deep neck infection for early detection and management of underlying papillary thyroid cancer.

Case Report

A Case of Nasopharyngeal Mycobacteriosis with Bony Erosion of the External Skull Base

Primary nasopharyngeal mycobacteriosis is a rare disease. We present a case in which skull base bone erosion appeared and was alleviated during the course of the treatment. Bone complications occur in osteoarticular mycobacteriosis, but their occurrence in primary nasopharyngeal mycobacteriosis has not been reported. A 77-year-old immunocompromised Asian woman presented with a right occipitotemporal headache. An ulcerative mass covered with a thick yellowish discharge was found in the roof and posterior walls of the right nasopharynx. Because histopathological examination indicated the presence of mycobacterial infection, we began using antituberculosis medication for the treatment because of the possibility of primary nasopharyngeal tuberculosis. However, this was followed by glossopharyngeal and vagus nerve paralysis. Computed tomography (CT) showed a diffuse enhancing mucosal irregularity in the nasopharynx with bony erosion of the external skull base. Deep tissue biopsy was repeated to differentiate it from malignant lesions, and drainage of pus from the right nasopharynx was confirmed. Subsequently, the headache, neurological findings, and the yellowish discharge disappeared, and the bony erosion of the external skull base was alleviated. Surgical intervention should also be considered for drug-resistant mycobacteriosis. We concluded that mycobacteriosis should also be considered apart from carcinoma even if CT shows a diffuse enhancing mucosal irregularity with bone destruction in the nasopharynx.

Case Reports in Otolaryngology
 Journal metrics
Acceptance rate37%
Submission to final decision135 days
Acceptance to publication26 days
CiteScore-
Journal Citation Indicator0.190
Impact Factor-
 Submit

Article of the Year Award: Outstanding research contributions of 2020, as selected by our Chief Editors. Read the winning articles.