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Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Volume 2014, Article ID 235975, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/235975
Case Report

Subacute Histoplasmosis with Focal Involvement of the Epiglottis: Importance of Differential Diagnosis

1Department of Otolaryngology, Head Neck Surgery, Hospital Universitario Fundación Jiménez Díaz, Avenida de Reyes Católicos 2, 28040 Madrid, Spain
2Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Universitario Fundación Jiménez Díaz, Avenida de Reyes Católicos 2, 28040 Madrid, Spain
3Department of Anatomic Pathology, Hospital Universitario Fundación Jiménez Díaz, Avenida de Reyes Católicos 2, 28040 Madrid, Spain

Received 11 December 2013; Accepted 31 December 2013; Published 5 February 2014

Academic Editors: M.-K. Chen and W. Issing

Copyright © 2014 F. Ahumada et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Histoplasmosis is an endemic mycosis of the Americas, Africa, and Asia. In Spain, it is the most common imported endemic mycosis appearing in the literature, and its incidence is on the rise. Proper differential diagnosis of the disease must be taken into consideration by otorhinolaryngologists, as the clinical manifestations of histoplasmosis may simulate more prevalent diseases such as cancer or tuberculosis. We present the case of a Spanish patient with focal involvement of the larynx and offer a review of the relevant literature.