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Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Volume 2014, Article ID 368590, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/368590
Case Report

T-Cell Lymphoblastic Lymphoma in a Child Presenting as Rapid Thyroid Enlargement

1Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Tokyo Metropolitan Children’s Medical Center, Fuchu, Tokyo 183-8501, Japan
2Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Tokyo Metropolitan Tama Medical Center, Fuchu, Tokyo 183-8524, Japan

Received 24 May 2014; Revised 17 July 2014; Accepted 18 July 2014; Published 24 July 2014

Academic Editor: Abrão Rapoport

Copyright © 2014 Shintaro Yoshihara et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The majority of lymphomas of the head and neck in children present as an enlarged cervical lymph node; however, malignant lymphoma arising from the thyroid gland is extremely rare. We report a case of a 12-year-old child who was admitted to our hospital because of a history of rapidly progressive anterior neck swelling. Histopathological studies revealed this case to be T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma. We performed chemotherapy and the patient has kept recurrence-free survival for 18 months after the beginning of the treatment. This is the 2nd case of T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma in the thyroid gland in a child.