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Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 9723806, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/9723806
Case Report

Maxillary Osteomyelitis: A Rare Entity

1Pilgrim Hospital, Boston, Lincolnshire PE21 9QS, UK
2Department of Otolaryngology, Pilgrim Hospital, Boston, Lincolnshire PE21 9QS, UK
3Department of Radiology, Pilgrim Hospital, Boston, Lincolnshire PE21 9QS, UK

Received 22 June 2016; Accepted 7 August 2016

Academic Editor: Abrão Rapoport

Copyright © 2016 Ayaaz Habib et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Osteomyelitis of the maxilla is now a rare event with the advent of antibiotics. The two predominant causes are odontogenic infections and sinusitis. Immunocompromised states such as diabetes, HIV, and malnutrition increase the risk of osteomyelitis. It is important to recognize this early as it is a difficult entity to treat with potentially serious consequences. We report an unusual case of right sided maxillary osteomyelitis in a lady with poorly controlled diabetes in rural Lincolnshire. Biopsy of the right maxillary bone showed features of acute osteomyelitis. This responded well to a prolonged course of oral antibiotics.