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Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Volume 2016, Article ID 9821493, 3 pages
Case Report

Tympanosclerosis Presenting as Mass: Workup and Differential

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, The University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, AZ, USA

Received 22 June 2016; Revised 5 August 2016; Accepted 16 August 2016

Academic Editor: Augusto Casani

Copyright © 2016 Jonnae Y. Barry et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Introduction. Tympanosclerosis is a commonly encountered entity within ENT clinics and primary care settings. Recognizing ear pathology is essential for correct management. Oftentimes the diagnosis is clear; however in certain cases further workup to rule out other more insidious disease processes is warranted. Case Report. We present a case of tympanosclerosis which presented as an ear mass without classic appearance of tympanosclerosis. Through imaging and biopsy the diagnosis of tympanosclerosis was made. The patient was treated surgically with good outcome. Discussion. Various ear pathologies, with different treatment algorithms, may present as clinically similar to one another. Differential diagnosis for this case included tympanosclerosis, cholesteatoma, or other middle ear masses. We review these entities and discuss their pathophysiology and implications on management.