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Case Reports in Pediatrics
Volume 2012, Article ID 159746, 4 pages
Case Report

Uniplanar Nystagmus Associated with Perceptual and Cognitive Visual Dysfunction due to Presumed Focal Ischemic Occipital Cortical Atrophy: A Missed Diagnosis and New Observation

1Department of Ophthalmology, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, Vellore 632001, India
2Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Yorkhill, Glasgow G3 8SJ, UK

Received 14 June 2012; Accepted 29 August 2012

Academic Editors: D. Fischer, K. Kowal, and E. Veneselli

Copyright © 2012 Swetha Sara Philip et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Uniplanar nystagmus has been described in relation to pathology of the brain stem, retina, optic nerve, sensory visual deprivation, periventricular leucomalacia, and drug toxicity. This paper describes a case of uniplanar nystagmus associated with features of higher visual dysfunction and a presumed focal insult to the occipital lobes following an episode of neonatal apnea.