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Case Reports in Pediatrics
Volume 2012, Article ID 684064, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/684064
Case Report

Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis—A Challenging Demyelinating Disease: Case Report and Brief Review of the Literature

1Division of Neuropediatrics and Metabolic Diseases, Department of Pediatrics and Pediatric Surgery, Hospital de Base da Faculdade de Medicina de São José do Rio Preto (FAMERP), 5544 São José do Rio Preto, SP, Brazil
2Department of Pediatrics and Pediatric Surgery, Hospital de Base da Faculdade de Medicina de São José do Rio Preto (FAMERP), 5544 São José do Rio Preto, SP, Brazil
3Department of Neurological Sciences, Hospital de Base da Faculdade de Medicina de São José do Rio Preto (FAMERP), 5544 São José do Rio Preto, SP, Brazil
4Department of Radiology, Hospital de Base da Faculdade de Medicina de São José do Rio Preto (FAMERP), 5544 São José do Rio Preto, SP, Brazil
5Department of Neurological Sciences, Hospital de Base da Faculdade de Medicina de São José do Rio Preto (FAMERP), Rua Pedro Palotta, 101/31B, 15092-205 São José do Rio Preto, SP, Brazil

Received 16 April 2012; Accepted 21 June 2012

Academic Editors: A. Gedalia and M. Moschovi

Copyright © 2012 Regina Célia Ajeje Pires de Albuquerque et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory, demyelinating, neurodegenerative disorder of the central nervous system (CNS) of unknown etiology. The peak onset is between age 20 and 40 years and usually affects more women than men. Although much knowledge has been achieved on the diagnosis and treatment of adult patients with MS, it remains a matter of debate and controversy in childhood. We present a case of MS in 9-year-old girl, review the current state of the knowledge on pediatric MS, and discuss the available tools for the diagnosis and treatment.