Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Case Reports in Pediatrics
Volume 2012, Article ID 684064, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/684064
Case Report

Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis—A Challenging Demyelinating Disease: Case Report and Brief Review of the Literature

1Division of Neuropediatrics and Metabolic Diseases, Department of Pediatrics and Pediatric Surgery, Hospital de Base da Faculdade de Medicina de São José do Rio Preto (FAMERP), 5544 São José do Rio Preto, SP, Brazil
2Department of Pediatrics and Pediatric Surgery, Hospital de Base da Faculdade de Medicina de São José do Rio Preto (FAMERP), 5544 São José do Rio Preto, SP, Brazil
3Department of Neurological Sciences, Hospital de Base da Faculdade de Medicina de São José do Rio Preto (FAMERP), 5544 São José do Rio Preto, SP, Brazil
4Department of Radiology, Hospital de Base da Faculdade de Medicina de São José do Rio Preto (FAMERP), 5544 São José do Rio Preto, SP, Brazil
5Department of Neurological Sciences, Hospital de Base da Faculdade de Medicina de São José do Rio Preto (FAMERP), Rua Pedro Palotta, 101/31B, 15092-205 São José do Rio Preto, SP, Brazil

Received 16 April 2012; Accepted 21 June 2012

Academic Editors: A. Gedalia and M. Moschovi

Copyright © 2012 Regina Célia Ajeje Pires de Albuquerque et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. T. Chitnis, L. Krupp, A. Yeh et al., “Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis,” Neurologic Clinics, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 481–505, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. M. Absinta, M. A. Rocca, L. Moiola et al., “Cortical lesions in children with multiple sclerosis,” Neurology, vol. 76, no. 10, pp. 910–913, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. M. Kamate, V. Chetal, V. Tonape, N. Mahantshetti, and V. Hattiholi, “Central nervous system inflammatory demyelinating disorders of childhood,” Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 289–292, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. B. Banwell, A. Bar-Or, G. Giovannoni, R. C. Dale, and M. Tardieu, “Therapies for multiple sclerosis: considerations in the pediatric patient,” Nature Reviews Neurology, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 109–122, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. C. Renoux, S. Vukusic, Y. Mikaeloff et al., “Natural history of multiple sclerosis with childhood onset,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 356, no. 25, pp. 2603–2613, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. A. Ghezzi, V. Deplano, J. Faroni et al., “Multiple sclerosis in childhood: clinical features of 149 cases,” Multiple Sclerosis, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 43–46, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. B. Banwell, L. Krupp, J. Kennedy et al., “Clinical features and viral serologies in children with multiple sclerosis: a multinational observational study,” The Lancet Neurology, vol. 6, no. 9, pp. 773–781, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. A. Ghezzi, “Therapeutic strategies in childhood multiple sclerosis,” Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 217–228, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J. Río, M. Comabella, and X. Montalban, “Multiple sclerosis: current treatment algorithms,” Current Opinion in Neurology, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 230–237, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. H. Noseworthy, C. Lucchinetti, M. Rodriguez, and B. G. Weinshenker, “Multiple sclerosis,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 343, no. 13, pp. 938–952, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. D. M. Wingerchuk, C. F. Lucchinetti, and J. H. Noseworthy, “Multiple sclerosis: current pathophysiological concepts,” Laboratory Investigation, vol. 81, no. 3, pp. 263–281, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. M. Clanet, “Jean-Martin Charcot. 1825 to 1893,” International MS Journal/MS Forum, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 59–61, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. C. Jobin, C. Larochelle, H. Parpal, P. K. Coyle, and P. Duquette, “Gender issues in multiple sclerosis: an update,” Women's Health, vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 797–820, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. J. Benito-León, “Are the prevalence and incidence of multiple sclerosis changing?” Neuroepidemiology, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 148–149, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. J. K. Swanton, A. Rovira, M. Tintore et al., “MRI criteria for multiple sclerosis in patients presenting with clinically isolated syndromes: a multicentre retrospective study,” The Lancet Neurology, vol. 6, no. 8, pp. 677–686, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. X. Montalban, M. Tintoré, J. Swanton et al., “MRI criteria for MS in patients with clinically isolated syndromes,” Neurology, vol. 74, no. 5, pp. 427–434, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. C. H. Polman, S. C. Reingold, B. Banwell et al., “Diagnostic criteria for multiple sclerosis: 2010 revisions to the McDonald criteria,” Annals of Neurology, vol. 69, no. 2, pp. 292–302, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. E. A. Yeh, T. Chitnis, L. Krupp et al., “Pediatric multiple sclerosis,” Nature Reviews Neurology, vol. 5, no. 11, pp. 621–631, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. A. Ghezzi, M. P. Amato, M. Capobianco et al., “Treatment of early-onset multiple sclerosis with intramuscular interferonβ-1a: long-term results,” Neurological Sciences, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 127–132, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. B. Kornek, G. Bernert, C. Balassy, J. Geldner, D. Prayer, and M. Feucht, “Glatiramer acetate treatment in patients with childhood and juvenile onset multiple sclerosis,” Neuropediatrics, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 120–126, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. N. L. Kuntz, D. Chabas, B. Weinstock-Guttman et al., “Treatment of multiple sclerosis in children and adolescents,” Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 505–520, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus