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Case Reports in Pediatrics
Volume 2014, Article ID 248369, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/248369
Case Report

Description of the First Case of Adenomyomatosis of the Gallbladder in an Infant

1Section of Genetics and Metabolism, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences College of Medicine, Little Rock, AR 72205, USA
2Arkansas Children’s Hospital, 1 Children’s Way, Slot 512-22, Little Rock, AR 72202, USA
3Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences College of Medicine, Little Rock, AR 72205, USA

Received 24 April 2014; Accepted 28 May 2014; Published 15 June 2014

Academic Editor: Denis A. Cozzi

Copyright © 2014 Yuri A. Zarate et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

We report here the case of the youngest patient with adenomyomatosis of the gallbladder in a female infant diagnosed at 4 months of age. This diagnosis was made based on characteristic ultrasonography findings in a patient that was undergoing routine surveillance for a suspected clinical diagnosis of Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome. The patient remains asymptomatic and currently no surgical interventions have been needed. We review the pathophysiology and ultrasonographic findings of this rare condition and present a comparison with the only other four pediatric cases of adenomyomatosis of the gallbladder.