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Case Reports in Pediatrics
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 638962, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/638962
Case Report

Subcutaneous Fat Necrosis of the Newborn: A Case Report of a Term Infant Presenting with Malaise and Fever at Age of 9 Weeks

1Department of Pediatrics, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, PMB 01129, Enugu, Nigeria
2University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, PMB 01129, Enugu, Nigeria

Received 16 August 2015; Revised 26 September 2015; Accepted 27 September 2015

Academic Editor: Tarak Srivastava

Copyright © 2015 Ayuk Adaeze Chikaodinaka and Anikene Chukwuemeka Jude. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Subcutaneous fat necrosis (SFN) is a rare, temporary, self-limited pathology affecting adipose tissue of full-term or postmature neonates. It is a rare entity especially in Nigeria and usually occurs in the first weeks following a complicated delivery. Because it is not very common, diagnosis is easily missed. It may resolve spontaneously without sequelae but patients need to be followed up because of development of late complications especially hypercalcemia. We report a case of SFN of the newborn noted within one week of birth and highlight the need for proper prompt diagnosis and the need for follow-up to assess possible complications.