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Case Reports in Pediatrics
Volume 2016, Article ID 1096953, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1096953
Case Report

Follicular Bronchiolitis in a Nigerian Female Child: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

1Department of Anatomic and Molecular Pathology, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, PMB 12003, Idi-Araba, Lagos, Nigeria
2Department of Anatomical Pathology, Federal Medical Centre, PMB 7001, Umuahia, Abia, Nigeria
3Department of Paediatrics, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, PMB 12003, Idi-Araba, Lagos, Nigeria
4Department of Surgery, University of Lagos College of Medicine and Lagos University Teaching Hospital, PMB 12003, Idi-Araba, Lagos, Nigeria
5Department of Radiodiagnosis, University of Lagos College of Medicine and Lagos University Teaching Hospital, PMB 12003, Idi-Araba, Lagos, Nigeria
6Department of Anatomic and Molecular Pathology, University of Lagos College of Medicine and Lagos University Teaching Hospital, PMB 12003, Idi-Araba, Lagos, Nigeria

Received 15 February 2016; Accepted 4 May 2016

Academic Editor: Anselm Chi-wai Lee

Copyright © 2016 Nzechukwu Zimudo Ikeri et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Small airways diseases are not uncommon in childhood. They account for about 28.4% of hospital admissions for lower respiratory tract infections in South West Nigeria, most of which are due to respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection. Noninfectious causes of small airways diseases, on the other hand, are poorly recognized and rarely feature in the differential diagnoses of chronic/recurrent lower respiratory tract disease in our environment. We present a case of follicular bronchiolitis in a 2.5-year-old Nigerian female who had left upper lobectomy on account of recurrent cough and progressive shortness of breath.