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Case Reports in Pediatrics
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 1929046, 2 pages
Case Report

Congenital Malaria due to Plasmodium Vivax Infection in a Neonate

1Department of Pediatrics, Pacific Medical College and Hospital, Udaipur, India
2Department of Pathology, Pacific Medical College and Hospital, Udaipur, India

Received 23 May 2016; Revised 14 July 2016; Accepted 4 August 2016

Academic Editor: Christophe Chantrain

Copyright © 2016 Ravi Bhatia et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Although malaria is endemic in India, congenital malaria is not very common. Congenital malaria is a very rare condition in both endemic and nonendemic areas. We report a case of congenital malaria in a six-day-old neonate with fever and splenomegaly. The diagnosis was picked up accidentally on a peripheral smear examination. Congenital malaria should be kept as differential diagnosis of neonatal sepsis. Timely detection of this condition could lead to early diagnosis and treatment, thereby preventing neonatal mortality.