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Case Reports in Pediatrics
Volume 2016, Article ID 3765786, 3 pages
Case Report

A Swelling over Sternum in a Child: Reminder of an Uncommon Diagnosis

Department of Pediatrics, TN Medical College and BYL Nair Charitable Hospital, Mumbai, India

Received 6 July 2016; Revised 9 September 2016; Accepted 5 October 2016

Academic Editor: Jyoti Kumar

Copyright © 2016 Pradnya Joshi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Lack of awareness about isolated tubercular osteomyelitis of the sternum resulted in a delay in diagnosing the condition in an eleven-year-old girl who presented with a gradually increasing swelling over the sternum. Radiological, histological, and microbiological investigations helped diagnose the condition and the child responded well to antitubercular therapy (ATT) and surgical debridement. The report provides a brief description about the various management options available.