Case Reports in Pediatrics / 2016 / Article / Tab 1

Case Report

Dilated Cardiomyopathy Induced by Chronic Starvation and Selenium Deficiency

Table 1

A comparison between marasmus and kwashiorkor.

Marasmus (PEM)Kwashiorkor

Severe deficiency of all nutrients and inadequate caloric intakeSevere protein deficiency but normal caloric intake
Peripheral edema is absentPeripheral edema is present
Hair changes absentHair changes common (sparse and easily pulled out)
Skin is dry and wrinkled but no dermatosisDermatosis, flaky paint appearance of skin
Voracious appetitePoor appetite
Absent subcutaneous fatReduced subcutaneous fat
Fatty liver uncommonFatty liver common
Better prognosisWorse prognosis

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