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Case Reports in Pediatrics
Volume 2017, Article ID 3106871, 4 pages
Case Report

Persistent Oxygen Requirement beyond Prematurity: A Case of Acquired Pulmonary Vein Stenosis

1Department of Pediatrics, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH 43205, USA
2The Heart Center at Nationwide Children’s Hospital, Columbus, OH 43205, USA
3Center for Perinatal Research, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children’s Hospital, Columbus, OH 43205, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to Carl H. Backes; gro.snerdlihcediwnoitan@rjsekcab.lrac

Received 17 December 2016; Revised 17 February 2017; Accepted 20 February 2017; Published 14 March 2017

Academic Editor: Bernhard Resch

Copyright © 2017 Tyler A. Fick et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Acquired pulmonary vein stenosis is a rare cardiac defect and diagnosis can often be challenging, as many cases present with refractory or prolonged oxygen requirement over the expected course. Comorbid conditions can cloud this diagnosis further. Prognosis is poor for most patients. We present a case of idiopathic acquired pulmonary vein stenosis and discuss diagnostics, treatment options, and the need for further collaborative studies.