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Case Reports in Pediatrics
Volume 2017, Article ID 4836142, 4 pages
Case Report

Sclerema Neonatorum Treated Successfully with Parenteral Steroids: An Experience from a Resource Poor Country

Department of Pediatrics, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa 32900, Nepal

Correspondence should be addressed to Sandeep Shrestha; moc.liamg@71ahtserhspeednas

Received 2 February 2017; Revised 20 April 2017; Accepted 27 April 2017; Published 11 May 2017

Academic Editor: Maria Moschovi

Copyright © 2017 Sandeep Shrestha et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Sclerema neonatorum is a form of panniculitides characterized by diffuse hardening of subcutaneous tissue with minimal inflammation. It usually affects ill and preterm neonates. Prognosis is usually poor in many cases despite aggressive management. Various treatment modalities (antibiotics, intravenous immunoglobulin, steroids, and exchange transfusion) have been explained in literature. Steroids due to its easy availability and low cost can prove to be lifesaving in such cases, especially in resource poor countries. Here, we report a case of sclerema neonatorum in a one-week preterm baby treated successfully with parenteral steroids and antibiotics.