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Case Reports in Pediatrics
Volume 2017, Article ID 9461315, 4 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/9461315
Case Report

Rectal Bleeding and Abdominal Pain Following Vaccination in a 4-Month-Old Infant

Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to Jaclyn Otero; ude.lfu@0eikcaj

Received 15 September 2016; Accepted 21 December 2016; Published 9 January 2017

Academic Editor: Carmelo Romeo

Copyright © 2017 Jaclyn Otero et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Intussusception is one of the most frequent causes of intestinal obstruction in infants. Rotavirus vaccination has been associated with intussusception in the medical literature. We report a case of a 4-month-old female with intussusception requiring hemicolectomy one week following rotavirus vaccination. We review the pathophysiology, presentation, and management of intussusception with a distinct focus on the history of rotavirus vaccination and risks of intussusception associated with timing of rotavirus vaccine administration. The discussion makes a strong case for rotavirus vaccine counseling regarding signs of intestinal obstruction and the importance of early recognition.