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Case Reports in Pediatrics
Volume 2018, Article ID 9613493, 3 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/9613493
Case Report

A Rare Case of Lemierre-Like Syndrome: A Case Report and Literature Review

1Department of Academic Affairs, Tawam Hospital, Al Ain, UAE
2Pediatrics Department, General Pediatrics Division, Tawam Hospital, Al Ain, UAE
3Pediatrics Department, Pediatric Infectious Diseases Division, Tawam Hospital, Al Ain, UAE

Correspondence should be addressed to Judy Ibrahim; moc.liamg@miharbiydujrd

Received 5 December 2017; Revised 22 January 2018; Accepted 6 February 2018; Published 1 April 2018

Academic Editor: Amalia Schiavetti

Copyright © 2018 Judy Ibrahim et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Lemierre’s syndrome (LS) is a serious rare complication of oropharyngeal infections. It is characterized by thrombosis of internal jugular vein that rapidly progresses into sepsis and is typically caused by anaerobes. Most of the reported cases have been linked to Fusobacterium necrophorum; however, there are a handful of reported cases due to aerobes. It is primarily the disease of healthy young adults and can present in school-aged children. The early recognition and treatment of this complication results in resolution of the illness; nevertheless, there have been some concerns about chronic venous insufficiency as a long-term complication. We report a case of a 6-year-old boy, who presented with fever and headache with a history of sore throat. His blood culture was positive for group A Streptococcus (GAS) and was subsequently found to have internal jugular vein, sigmoid, and transverse sinus vein thrombosis.