Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Case Reports in Psychiatry
Volume 2012, Article ID 427698, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/427698
Case Report

Remission of Cognitive Deficits in Parkinson’s Disease: Recovery from a Nonamnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment or Psychiatric Symptoms Remission?

1Laboratório de Investigações Neuropsicológicas (LIN), Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, 31270-901 Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil
2INCT de Medicina Molecular, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Avenida Alfredo Balena 190, 30130-100 Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil
3Instituto Jenny de Andrade Faria de Atenção à Saúde do Idoso, Hospital das Clínicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, 31270-901 Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil
4Departamento de Clínica Médica, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, 31270-901 Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil
5Departamento de Saúde Mental, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, 31270-901 Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil

Received 30 July 2012; Accepted 1 October 2012

Academic Editors: J. S. Brar, F. Pillmann, and J. Saiz-Ruiz

Copyright © 2012 Jonas Jardim de Paula et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. I. Litvan, D. Aarsland, C. H. Adler et al., “MDS task force on mild cognitive impairment in Parkinson's disease: critical review of PD-MCI,” Movement Disorders, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 349–356, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. R. C. Petersen, R. Doody, A. Kurz et al., “Current concepts in mild cognitive impairment,” Archives of Neurology, vol. 58, no. 12, pp. 1985–1992, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. E. Mamikonyan, P. J. Moberg, A. Siderowf et al., “Mild cognitive impairment is common in Parkinson's disease patients with normal Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) scores,” Parkinsonism and Related Disorders, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 226–231, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. A. I. Tröster, “A Précis of recent advances in the neuropsychology of mild cognitive impairment(s) in Parkinson's disease and a proposal of preliminary research criteria,” Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 393–406, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. A. Hely, W. G. Reid, M. A. Adena, G. M. Halliday, and J. G. Morris, “The Sidney multicenter study of Parlinson’s disease and a proposal of preliminary research criteria,” Movement Disorders, vol. 23, pp. 837–844, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  6. C. C. Janvin, J. P. Larsen, D. Aarsland, and K. Hugdahl, “Subtypes of mild cognitive impairment in Parkinson's disease: progression to dementia,” Movement Disorders, vol. 21, no. 9, pp. 1343–1349, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. R. C. Petersen, R. O. Roberts, D. S. Knopman et al., “Mild cognitive impairment: ten years later,” Archives of Neurology, vol. 66, no. 12, pp. 1447–1455, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. J. L. Cummings, M. Mega, K. Gray, S. Rosenberg-Thompson, D. A. Carusi, and J. Gornbein, “The neuropsychiatric inventory: comprehensive assessment of psychopathology in dementia,” Neurology, vol. 44, no. 12, pp. 2308–2314, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S. M. Brucki, R. Nitrini, P. Caramelli, P. H. Bertolucci, and I. H. Okamoto, “Sugestões para o uso do Mini-Exame do Estado Mental no Brasil,” Arquivos de Neuropsiquiatr, vol. 61, pp. 777–781, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  10. R. I. Pfeffer, T. T. Kurosaki, and C. H. Harrah, “Measurement of functional activities in older adults in the community,” Journals of Gerontology, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 323–329, 1982. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. P. H. F. Bertolucci, I. H. Okamoto, S. M. D. Brucki, M. O. Siviero, J. T. Neto, and L. R. Ramos, “Applicability of the CERAD neuropsychological battery to Brazilian elderly,” Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria, vol. 59, no. 3, pp. 532–536, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. K. I. Shulman, “Clock-drawing: is it the ideal cognitive screening test?” International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 548–561, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. T. A. Salthouse, “Localizing age-related individual differences in a hierarchical structure,” Intelligence, vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 541–561, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. C. S. Porto, H. C. Fichman, P. Caramelli, V. S. Bahia, and R. Nitrini, “Brazilian version of the mattis dementia rating scale: diagnosis of mild dementia in alzheimer's disease,” Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria, vol. 61, no. 2, pp. 339–345, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. E. Matteau, N. Dupré, M. Langlois, P. Provencher, and M. Simard, “Clinical validity of the Mattis dementia rating scale-2 in Parkinson disease with MCI and dementia,” Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 100–106, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. J. J. de Paula, L. P. C. Melo, R. Nicolato et al., “Reliability and construct validity of the Rey-Auditory verbal learning test in Brazilian elders,” Revista de Psiquiatria Clinica, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 19–23, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. R. T. Ávila, L. F. Malloy-Diniz, M. A. Bicalho, E. N. Moraes, and J. J. de Paula, “Avaliação das Praxias construtivas visioconstrutivas no idoso através da cópia de figuras e construção bidimensional: influência da idade, escolaridade e controle executivo,” Revista Médica de Minas Gerais, vol. 20, pp. 78–79.
  18. L. F. Malloy-Diniz, R. C. Bentes, P. M. Figueiredo et al., “Normalización de una batería de tests para evaluar las habilidades de compensión del lenguje, fluidez verbal y denominación en niños brasileños de 7 a 10 años: resultados preliminares,” Revista de Neurología, vol. 44, no. 5, pp. 275–280, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  19. J. J. de Paula, L. Bertola, R. Nicolato, E. N. de Moraes, and L. F. Malloy-Diniz, “Evaluating language comprehension in Alzheimer's disease: the use of the Token Test,” Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria, vol. 70, no. 6, pp. 435–440, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. M. A. Sedó and L. De Cristoforo, “All-language verbal tests free from linguistic barriers,” Revista Española de Neuropsicología, vol. 3, pp. 68–82, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  21. J. J. de Paula, D. S. Costa, E. N. Moares, R. Nicolato, M. Sedó, and L. F. Malloy-Diniz, “Automatic and controlled attentional process in amnestic mild cognitive impairment: the use of a mini-verbal test,” Psychology, vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 379–383, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  22. O. Baiyewu, F. W. Unverzagt, K. A. Lane et al., “The Stick Design test: a new measure of visuoconstructional ability,” Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 598–605, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. J. J. de Paula, L. Moreira, R. Nicolato et al., “The tower of London test: different scoring criteria for diagnosing Alzheimer's disease and mild cognitive impairment,” Psychological Reports, vol. 110, no. 2, pp. 477–488, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. J. J. De Paula, C. G. Schlottfeldt, L. Moreira et al., “Psychometric properties of a brief neuropsychological protocol for use in geriatric populations,” Revista de Psiquiatria Clinica, vol. 37, no. 6, pp. 251–255, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  25. R. Cattelani, F. Dal Sasso, D. Corsini, and L. Posteraro, “The Modified Five-Point Test: normative data for a sample of Italian healthy adults aged 16–60,” Neurological Sciences, vol. 32, pp. 595–601, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. P. Barone, D. Aarsland, D. Burn, M. Emre, J. Kulisevsky, and D. Weintraub, “Cognitive impairment in nondemented Parkinson's disease,” Movement Disorders, vol. 26, no. 14, pp. 2483–2495, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. S. Martínez-Horta and J. Kulisevsky, “Is all cognitive impairment in Parkinson's disease “mild cognitive impairment”?” Journal of Neural Transmission, vol. 118, no. 8, pp. 1185–1190, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. J. Mintzer and A. Burns, “Anticholinergic side-effects of drugs in elderly people,” Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, vol. 93, no. 9, pp. 457–462, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. L. F. Low, K. J. Anstey, and P. Sachdev, “Use of medications with anticholinergic properties and cognitive function in a young-old community sample,” International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 578–584, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. M. P. Fortin, I. Rouch, V. Dauphinot et al., “Effects of anticholinergic drugs on verbal episodic memory function in the elderly: a retrospective, cross-sectional study,” Drugs and Aging, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 195–204, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. J. L. Rudolph, M. J. Salow, M. C. Angelini, and R. E. McGlinchey, “The anticholinergic risk scale and anticholinergic adverse effects in older persons,” Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 168, no. 5, pp. 508–513, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. M. S. Morris, P. F. Jacques, I. H. Rosenberg, and J. Selhub, “Folate and vitamin B-12 status in relation to anemia, macrocytosis, and cognitive impairment in older Americans in the age of folic acid fortification,” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 85, no. 1, pp. 193–200, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. A. D. Smith and H. Refsum, “Vitamin B-12 and cognition in the elderly,” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 89, pp. 707–711, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  34. C. C. Tangney, N. T. Aggarwal, H. Li et al., “Vitamin B12, cognition, and brain MRI measures: a cross-sectional examination,” Neurology, vol. 77, no. 13, pp. 1276–1282, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. I. Blasko, M. Hinterberger, G. Kemmler et al., “Conversion from mild cognitive impairment to dementia: influence of folic acid and vitamin B12 use in the VITA cohort,” The journal of Nutrition, Health, and Aging, vol. 16, no. 8, pp. 687–694, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  36. J. G. Z. Van Uffelen, M. J. M. Chinapaw, W. Van Mechelen, and M. Hopman-Rock, “Walking or vitamin B for cognition in older adults with mild cognitive impairment? A randomised controlled trial,” British Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 42, no. 5, pp. 344–351, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. V. Elderkin-Thompson, A. Kumar, W. B. Bilker et al., “Neuropsychological deficits among patients with late-onset minor and major depression,” Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 529–549, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. T. Beblo, G. Sinnamon, and B. T. Baune, “Specifying the neuropsychology of affective disorders: clinical, demographic and neurobiological factors,” Neuropsychology Review, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 337–359, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. C. E. Sexton, L. McDermott, U. G. Kalu et al., “Explorng the pattern and neural correlates of neuropsychological impairment’s in late-life depression,” Psychological Medicine, vol. 42, pp. 1195–1202, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  40. K. Jellinger, “Heterogenous mechanisms of mild cognitive impairment in Parkinson’s disease,” Journal of Neurotransmission, vol. 119, no. 3, pp. 381–382, 2012. View at Google Scholar