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Case Reports in Pulmonology
Volume 2012, Article ID 104195, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/104195
Case Report

Successful Pulmonary Endarterectomy in a Patient with Klinefelter Syndrome

1Departments of Cardiology, Onze Lieve Vrouwe Gasthuis, 1090 HM Amsterdam, The Netherlands
2Department of Respiratory Medicine, St. Antonius Ziekenhuis, 3430 EM Nieuwegein, The Netherlands
3Department of Pulmonology, Academic Medical Center of the University of Amsterdam, 1105 AZ Amsterdam, The Netherlands
4Department of Respiratory Medicine, Onze Lieve Vrouwe Gasthuis, 1090 HM Amsterdam, The Netherlands
5Department of Psychiatry, Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neuroscience, 3584 CG Utrecht, The Netherlands
6Department of Radiology, Academic Medical Center of the University of Amsterdam, 1105 AZ Amsterdam, The Netherlands
7Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Academic Medical Center of the University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Received 4 November 2012; Accepted 26 November 2012

Academic Editors: L. Borderías, T. Kawashima, T. Kelesidis, M. Kreuter, J. Murchison, and M. Takao

Copyright © 2012 E. Wierda et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Klinefelter syndrome (KS) is a frequent genetic disorder due to one or more supernumerary X chromosomes. KS is associated with an increased risk for venous thromboembolic events like deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. This paper describes a 37-year-old male patient with KS referred to our tertiary center with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension, and who was successfully treated by pulmonary endarterectomy.