Table 1: Degree of intoxication due to envenomation.

Degree of intoxicationSymptoms

1 (no intoxication)Dry bite, indicating no intoxication
2 (mild intoxication)Local edema and pain
3 (moderate intoxication)Pain, systemic signs, and edema spreading beyond bite zone
4 (severe intoxication)Shock, massive edemas, and severe coagulopathy