Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Case Reports in Pulmonology
Volume 2016, Article ID 1287690, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1287690
Case Report

Acute Respiratory Failure due to Neuromyelitis Optica Treated Successfully with Plasmapheresis

1Department of Medicine, University of CT Health Center, Farmington, CT 06030, USA
2Division of Pulmonary & Critical Care Medicine, University of CT Health Center, Farmington, CT 06030, USA

Received 15 September 2015; Accepted 26 January 2016

Academic Editor: Shigeko Inokuma

Copyright © 2016 Massa Zantah et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Neuromyelitis Optica (NMO) is a demyelinating autoimmune disease involving the central nervous system. Acute respiratory failure from cervical myelitis due to NMO is known to occur but is uncommon in monophasic disease and is treated with high dose steroids. We report a case of a patient with NMO who developed acute respiratory failure related to cervical spinal cord involvement, refractory to pulse dose steroid therapy, which resolved with plasmapheresis.