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Case Reports in Pulmonology
Volume 2017, Article ID 5846242, 4 pages
Case Report

Hemoptysis following Talc Pleurodesis in a Pneumothorax Patient

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Showa University Fujigaoka Hospital, 1-30 Fujigaoka, Aoba-ku, Yokohama 227-8501, Japan

Correspondence should be addressed to Fumihiro Yamaguchi;

Received 8 July 2017; Revised 19 August 2017; Accepted 11 September 2017; Published 16 October 2017

Academic Editor: Tun-Chieh Chen

Copyright © 2017 Yusuke Kakiuchi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The purpose of this article is to report a case of hemoptysis occurring in combination with secondary spontaneous pneumothorax following chemical pleurodesis by talc. A Japanese male with cancer of renal pelvis was found with the left pneumothorax and multiple lung metastases. A computed-tomography scan revealed severe emphysema throughout the lungs. Talc pleurodesis was employed to arrest air leakage. The patient developed hemoptysis 45 minutes after talc injection into the thorax. This is the first report of hemoptysis following talc pleurodesis. The agent could induce severe inflammation in capillary vessels of the lung following visceral pleura infiltration.