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Case Reports in Pulmonology
Volume 2017, Article ID 6719617, 4 pages
Case Report

An Unusual Presentation of Congenital Lobar Emphysema

1Dorrington Medical Associates and Universidad Autonoma de Tamaulipas, Houston, TX, USA
2The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX 77030, USA
3Texas A&M University, Corpus Christi, TX, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to Salim Surani; moc.liamtoh@inarusrs

Received 1 February 2017; Accepted 30 March 2017; Published 24 April 2017

Academic Editor: Hirofumi Matsuoka

Copyright © 2017 Daniel Arnaud et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Congenital lobar emphysema is an uncommon bronchopulmonary malformation characterized by lobar overinflation and accompanying alveolar septum damage that leads to compression atelectasis of the lung parenchyma and displacement of mediastinal structures, with the resultant ventilation-perfusion mismatch. We present a case of a 33-year-old lady with progressive exertional dyspnea. Chest radiograph findings lead to the suspicion of congenital lobar emphysema, which was then confirmed by a computed tomography (CT) scan. This condition is most commonly identified in newborns, with very few cases being reported in adults. Lobectomy remains the treatment of choice and in general has good outcome.