Coil Embolization of Arc of Buhler Aneurysm RuptureRead the full article
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Proptosis with Increased Orbital Fat in an Obese Patient
Computational tomography (CT) is a well-documented modality in the workup of proptosis. We present a case of proptosis due to increased orbital fat in an obese patient. We review the literature to discuss the most likely causes of increased orbital fat, and we discuss the utility of CT imaging in assessing this pathology.
False-Positive 18F-FDG PET/CT Uptake in Unilateral Lactation
A 31-year-old woman (7 months postpartum and lactating) with multiple sclerotic bone lesions was referred for an 18F-FDG PET/CT scan for characterization. The scan demonstrated unilateral diffuse intense FDG uptake corresponding to dense soft tissue in the right breast, likely related to secretory hyperplasia. On further questioning, it was made apparent that she had only been breastfeeding from the right breast. While the left breast also demonstrated dense soft tissue to a lesser degree, no significant FDG uptake was seen. The sclerotic bone lesions were not FDG avid, likely due to a separate non-FDG avid benign condition or bony metastases from a non-FDG avid primary malignancy. This was reinforced by the fact that subsequent investigations including serial bilateral breast ultrasound and percutaneous biopsy demonstrated no definite evidence of malignancy in the bilateral breasts. The histopathology findings of an open surgical biopsy of sclerotic lesions in the left posterior ilium were also nonspecific, favouring bone dysplasia with no evidence of malignancy.
Internal Iliac Aneurysm Causing Hydroureteronephrosis
A 63-year-old presented with right lumbar pain and increased frequency of urination. Imaging revealed right internal iliac artery aneurysm causing hydroureteronephrosis and compressing the urinary bladder.
Spontaneous Retroperitoneal Hemorrhage Secondary to Chronic Celiac Axis Compression Treated with Embolization Utilizing Cone Beam CT
Median arcuate ligament syndrome (MALS) is a rare and often misdiagnosed vascular pathology. In this paper, we discuss a 51-year-old female with MALS presenting with hypotension due to retroperitoneal hemorrhage. Currently, there is no consensus regarding the optimal treatment approach for such patients. This case report demonstrates the utility of conventional mesenteric angiography, cone beam CT with 3D reconstruction, and selective mesenteric transarterial embolization as an effective treatment approach for patients with spontaneous aneurysm rupture in MALS.
Single Procedure Saline Lavage for Treatment of Inspissated Bile
Inspissated bile syndrome is a rare cause of cholestatic jaundice in infancy, occurring due to obstruction of the biliary ducts and gallbladder by biliary sludge. Traditional methods of treatment include surgical drainage or cholecystostomy drain placement. Both can be associated with complications and prolonged admission. We present 2 cases treated with a single percutaneous needle puncture of the gallbladder followed by saline lavage. Two neonates presented with cholestatic jaundice and sonographic evidence of biliary sludge and dilation of the common bile duct. Single sonographic-guided needle puncture of the gallbladder was followed by irrigation with saline. Clearing of the biliary sludge was confirmed by sonography and cholecystocholangiography. There was resolution of the cholestatic jaundice, with no complications or repeat procedures.
Congenital High Airway Obstruction Syndrome (CHAOS): No Intervention, No Survival—A Case Report and Literature Review
Congenital high airway obstruction syndrome (CHAOS) is complete or partial obstruction of the fetal upper airway. CHAOS is a rare and fatal condition if no perinatal intervention is done. Antenatal sonographic imaging has typical findings that can help in an early diagnosis, which is important in deciding elective termination of the pregnancy or successful planning of appropriate perinatal management.