Spontaneous Retroperitoneal Hemorrhage Secondary to Chronic Celiac Axis Compression Treated with Embolization Utilizing Cone Beam CTRead the full article
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Single Procedure Saline Lavage for Treatment of Inspissated Bile
Inspissated bile syndrome is a rare cause of cholestatic jaundice in infancy, occurring due to obstruction of the biliary ducts and gallbladder by biliary sludge. Traditional methods of treatment include surgical drainage or cholecystostomy drain placement. Both can be associated with complications and prolonged admission. We present 2 cases treated with a single percutaneous needle puncture of the gallbladder followed by saline lavage. Two neonates presented with cholestatic jaundice and sonographic evidence of biliary sludge and dilation of the common bile duct. Single sonographic-guided needle puncture of the gallbladder was followed by irrigation with saline. Clearing of the biliary sludge was confirmed by sonography and cholecystocholangiography. There was resolution of the cholestatic jaundice, with no complications or repeat procedures.
Congenital High Airway Obstruction Syndrome (CHAOS): No Intervention, No Survival—A Case Report and Literature Review
Congenital high airway obstruction syndrome (CHAOS) is complete or partial obstruction of the fetal upper airway. CHAOS is a rare and fatal condition if no perinatal intervention is done. Antenatal sonographic imaging has typical findings that can help in an early diagnosis, which is important in deciding elective termination of the pregnancy or successful planning of appropriate perinatal management.
Unruptured Multiple Sinus of Valsalva Aneurysms
Sinus of Valsalva aneurysm (SVA) is a rare cardiac condition occurring in about 0.09% of the general population, with potential for grave complications. Unruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysms of all three sinuses in the same patient are even more rare. There are congenital, inherited, or acquired causes. Noninvasive cross-sectional imaging modalities, consisting of color Doppler echocardiography, cardiac computed tomographic angiography (CCTA), and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), make the diagnosis. Treatment is mainly by open surgical reconstruction. However, transcatheter techniques are gaining popularity with noninferior outcomes in selected cases. We report the diagnosis and successful management of a patient with an unusual presentation of multiple unruptured SVAs of all three sinuses, and we conducted a review of the English medical literature.
Rare Case of a Calcified Catheter-Related Sheath Embolizing to the Right Pulmonary Artery
Catheter-related sheaths, formerly known as “fibrin sheaths,” are the most common complications of central venous catheters. Although usually harmless, they can very rarely detach from the venous wall against which they were formed and embolize with effects ranging from subclinical embolisms to death. This rare occurrence has only been described a few times in the literature to date, and to our knowledge, the embolized sheath has never been directly visualized with CT. We report the case of catheter-related sheath embolization to the right pulmonary artery in a child, as confirmed on CT.
Ganglion of the Sternoclavicular Joint: A Rare Location of an Uncommon Pediatric Mass
This is a case of a two-year-old boy with a ganglion arising from the sternoclavicular joint. Ganglia are rare in the pediatric population, with less than 2% occurring under the age of 2 years old. Additionally, sternoclavicular joint ganglia are also exceedingly rare. The case illustrates the importance of keeping ganglion within the differential diagnosis for palpable subcutaneous masses, even in young children, especially when they are seen to connect to the joint.
A Degrading Potassium Tablet Mimicking Active Gastric Bleeding in a Computer Tomographic Investigation
A 54-year-old male patient was admitted to the hospital due to symptoms caused by an intramural hematoma of the descending aorta. In a contrast media-enhanced computed tomography scan performed five days after admission to evaluate dynamics of the hematoma, a hyperdense lesion was seen in the stomach. A suspicion of gastric hemorrhage was raised at the first evaluation. Because the patient’s clinical condition and hemoglobin levels were stable, gastroscopy to rule out an aorto-gastric fistula or another type of bleeding was not undertaken. In the secondary evaluation of the history and images, it became clear that the hyperdense lesion mimicking bleeding in the stomach must have been caused by a degrading potassium tablet ingested by the patient five hours before the investigation.