Reactive Lymphoid Hyperplasia of the Liver Incidentally Found in a 55-Year-Old Woman with a History of Ulcerative ColitisRead the full article
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Small Bowel Obstruction Caused by Type IV Hiatal Hernia
Type IV hiatal hernia of the esophagus is characterized by herniation of the stomach and associated organs, such as the spleen, large and small bowel, and pancreas, through the esophageal hiatus. It is a relatively rare form of hiatal hernia that sometimes requires emergency surgery due to gastric incarceration, volvulus, and strangulation. Of these, small bowel obstruction is extremely rare and requires surgery. We report the case of an 83-year-old woman who was admitted to the hospital for small bowel obstruction caused by an ileum that had incarcerated the esophageal hiatus; emergency laparoscopic surgery was performed.
Road Traffic Accident Traumatic Vehicle Seat Belt Abdominal Wall Hernia
Traumatic abdominal wall hernia (TAWH) is a rare type of hernia with an incidence of about <1.5%, resulting from blunt abdominal trauma, which leads to an increase in the intra-abdominal pressure and rupture in the abdominal musculature and fascia with herniation of the abdominal organs into the defect. Most TAWH contained either a small bowel (69%) or a large bowel (36%), with 16% containing both. This condition is often not present as an isolated case, as 30% to 60% of the cases are accompanied by other intra-abdominal injuries. The typical manner of presentation is a tender subcutaneous swelling across the abdomen wall with overlaying bruising and ecchymosis. The radiological investigative modality of CT scan has the highest index of diagnosing accompanied intra-abdominal visceral injuries. We present a rare case of a 23-year-old male patient diagnosed with TAWH containing both small bowel and sigmoid colon associated with psoas hematoma caused by a seat belt postroad traffic accident (RTA).
Ileal Schwannoma: A Rare Cause of Pelvic Mass
The incidence of small bowel schwannomas is extremely low. In the current literature, we found just a few reported small intestine schwannomas that were located in the duodenum, jejunum, or ileum. This study reports a surprising finding of a relatively large size ileal schwannoma in a patient whose preoperative magnetic resonance imaging described a tumour in the lesser pelvis probably derived from the right adnexa. Pfannenstiel incision was made by the gynaecology team, which found a large mass lesion arising from the small intestine and occupying nearly the entire lesser pelvis. The general surgeon was invited, and pathology was successfully managed by segmental resection of the small bowel with primary end-to-end anastomosis. The histopathology study reported a submucosal tumour composed of S-100 protein-positive spindle cells, and the diagnosis of ileal schwannoma was made. The possibility of intestinal neoplasms, including schwannomas, might be contemplated in the differential diagnosis of any pelvic mass lesions. A detailed histology study and immunohistochemical stain are required for the final diagnosis of intestinal schwannomas and to rule out malignant changes, which are extremely important for the further management of patients. To the best knowledge, our case is one of the biggest intestinal schwannomas reported in the current literature.
Conservative Treatment of an Unusual Presentation of Iliopsoas Phlegmon Related to Infected Intrauterine Contraceptive Device
Iliopsoas phlegmon/abscess is uncommon, and individuals often present with nonspecific symptoms. Diagnosis is often delayed and almost always requires advanced imaging techniques such as computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging. We report a case of a 51-year-old woman who presented with right lower limb swelling and associated rash with imaging demonstrating iliopsoas abscess secondary to an infected intrauterine contraceptive device. This rare case highlights the nonspecific presentation of iliopsoas abscess and the need to consider unusual sources of infection such as an intrauterine contraceptive device in women presenting with iliopsoas phlegmon and abscess.
Chronic Isolated Fallopian Tube Torsion in a Sexually Inactive Adolescent Female Diagnosed Peroperatively
Introduction. Isolated fallopian tube torsion (IFTT) has rarely been confirmed in sexually inactive adolescents, and preoperative diagnosis of IFTT is difficult because of the absence of specific symptoms. Therefore, pediatric patients with IFTT tend to be misdiagnosed before the surgery. Case. A 15-year-old female patient with no history of abdominal surgery or sexual intercourse presented with acute left lower abdominal pain and purpura. MRI revealed hydrosalpinx in the left adnexal region. Her abdominal pain had completely resolved at our examination; she was followed up as an outpatient. One month after the initial presentation, she experienced a large volume of watery discharge. Magnetic resonance imaging, which was performed every three months, showed a gradual decrease in the size of the hydrosalpinx; however, it persisted in the left adnexal region. She was counseled to receive laparoscopy to treat the hydrosalpinx, which was the most likely cause of the watery discharge. IFTT was detected during the laparoscopy, and left salpingectomy was performed for pathological evaluation of the persistent hydrosalpinx. Following laparoscopy, the patient’s watery discharge was resolved. Pathological findings confirmed no signs of malignancy. Conclusion. Our current report highlighted watery discharge as an indicative symptom of IFTT. It is unclear whether IFTT induced the hydrosalpinx or vice versa. We presumed that the patient’s hydrosalpinx occurred due to IFTT, because the patient complained watery discharge one month after the initial appearance, and noncongenital hydrosalpinx in adolescents, especially without a history of sexual intercourse, is a rare event. Clinicians should consider IFTT in patients presenting with unremitting watery discharge and hydrosalpinx, because IFTT may persist even after the pain disappears.
Anterolateral Thigh Flap Reconstruction of Full Thickness Lateral Abdominal Wall Defect from Desmoid Tumour
Desmoid tumours are benign but locally aggressive mesenchymal neoplasms that occur most commonly in the abdomen, with the potential to invade surrounding structures causing significant morbidity. Lateral abdominal wall defects are known to be more challenging and less frequently encountered compared to ventral abdominal wall defects. Asymmetric forces caused by contraction of remnant rectus and contralateral oblique muscles increase the risk of herniation postoperatively. We report a case of a challenging abdominal wall reconstruction after desmoid tumour resection in a 62-year-old male patient who presented to our hospital with a progressively enlarging left upper back lump of 6 months duration. A venous supercharged pedicled anterolateral thigh flap was combined with PROLENE® mesh for reconstruction, and the patient recovered well with good functional and aesthetic outcomes at 2-year follow-up. The pedicled anterolateral thigh flap with venous supercharging can be effectively used for the reconstruction of extensive lateral abdominal wall defects.