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Case Reports in Surgery
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 150457, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/150457
Case Report

Adrenal Cyst Presenting as Hepatic Hydatid Cyst

1Pathology Department, Bahrain Defense Force Hospital, P.O. Box 28347, Riffa, Bahrain
2Department of General Surgery, Bahrain Defense Force Hospital, P.O. Box 28347, Riffa, Bahrain

Received 19 February 2013; Accepted 18 March 2013

Academic Editors: S. H. Ein, H. Imura, and Y.-B. Tang

Copyright © 2013 Abdulla Darwish et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. Although adrenal cysts are uncommon, the incidence rate is increasing with the advances in radiological technologies. The incidental detection of adrenal cysts nowadays has become more frequent as a result of the increase usage of high quality imaging modalities. Adrenal cysts originate from the adrenal gland and can be classified into either true or pseudocyst. Presentation of Case. In this report, we described an adrenal cyst of endothelial type, in a 30-year-old lady who was mistakenly diagnosed to have a hydatid cyst both clinically and by imaging. Discussion. Although adrenal cysts are uncommon, the incidence rate is increasing with the frequent use of various high quality radiological technologies. Adrenal cyst should be considered in the differential diagnosis when dealing with upper abdominal cysts. The size of the adrenal cyst can vary from a few millimeters up to 50 cm in diameter. Most of the adrenal cysts are unilateral, while 8%–15% of those cysts do present bilaterally. The majority of cases are diagnosed between the 3rd and 5th decades. Conclusion. Although most of the adrenal cysts are benign in nature, surgical excision is advisable especially when the cysts are greater than 5 cm in diameter and in the case of suspecting malignancy.