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Case Reports in Surgery
Volume 2014, Article ID 723851, 3 pages
Case Report

Rectus Abdominis Muscle Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma Causing a Large Abdominal Wall Defect: Reconstruction with Biological Mesh

First Surgical Department, 417 NIMTS Military Veterans’ Fund Hospital of Athens, 12 Monis Petraki, 11521 Athens, Greece

Received 10 November 2013; Accepted 24 December 2013; Published 6 February 2014

Academic Editors: C. Barnett and B. H. Lang

Copyright © 2014 Evangelos Falidas et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is a common soft tissue sarcoma usually involving limbs and retroperitoneum. MFH of the rectus abdominis muscle is extremely rare. Surgery in similar cases leads to large abdominal wall defects needing reconstruction. Biological and synthetic laminar absorbable prostheses are available for the repair of hernia defects in the abdominal wall. They share the important feature of being gradually degraded in the host, resulting the formation of a neotissue. We herein report the case of an 84-year-old man with MFH of the rectus abdominis muscle which was resected and the large abdominal wall defect was successfully repaired with a biological mesh.