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Case Reports in Surgery
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 434198, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/434198
Case Report

The Great Pretender: Rectal Syphilis Mimic a Cancer

1Department of HBP & Digestive Surgery, University of Milan, San Paolo Hospital, Via A. Di Rudinì 8, 20142 Milan, Italy
2Department of Digestive Endoscopy, San Paolo Hospital, Via A. Di Rudinì 8, 20142 Milan, Italy
3Department of Diagnostic & Interventional Radiology, University of Milan, San Paolo Hospital, Via A. Di Rudinì 8, 20142 Milan, Italy

Received 28 June 2015; Accepted 16 August 2015

Academic Editor: Fernando Turégano

Copyright © 2015 Andrea Pisani Ceretti et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Rectal syphilis is a rare expression of the widely recognised sexual transmitted disease, also known as the great imitator for its peculiarity of being confused with mild anorectal diseases because of its vague symptoms or believed rectal malignancy, with the concrete risk of overtreatment. We present the case of a male patient with primary rectal syphilis, firstly diagnosed as rectal cancer; the medical, radiological, and endoscopic features are discussed below.