Median values for each parameter are shown with range or percentages in parentheses, unless otherwise labeled. Labeled means are shown with standard deviation (SD). Medication use pertains to in-hospital stay only. Narcotic use includes hydromorphone, oxycodone, oxycontin, and morphine converted to morphine equivalents and summed for comparison. MITPE: robotic total pelvic exenteration with laparoscopic rectus flap; TPE: total pelvic exenteration; POD: postoperative day; PCA: patient controlled analgesia; ICU: intensive care unit; cc: cubic centimeters.|
*Statistically significant difference between MITPE and open TPE groups ().
†OR times available for 8 of 9 open TPE patients.
‡Two open exenteration patients were managed postoperatively with PCEA (patient controlled epidural analgesia) and therefore separate PCA use and total narcotic use relative to this was unavailable.
Pts: number of patients in cohort who used this during hospital stay.