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Case Reports in Surgery
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 836142, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/836142
Case Report

Left Diaphragmatic Herniation following Orthotopic Liver Transplantation in an Adult

1Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, Hospital Universitario Nuestra Señora de Candelaria, Carretera Del Rosario 145, 38010 Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain
2Division of Transplantation Surgery Unit, Department of Surgery, Hospital Universitario Nuestra Señora de Candelaria, Carretera Del Rosario 145, 38010 Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain
3Transplantation Surgery Unit and General Surgery Service, Hospital Universitario Nuestra Señora de Candelaria, Carretera Del Rosario 145, 38010 Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain

Received 10 March 2015; Accepted 20 April 2015

Academic Editor: Gregorio Santori

Copyright © 2015 Adriá Rosat et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Diaphragmatic herniation is an uncommon complication in the postquirurgic follow of the liver transplant. The associated symptoms are unspecific and may not suggest the correct diagnosis. It may explain why in many patients the diagnosis remains unmade or it is made only after a long interval of time. We present the case of a fifty-seven-year-old male who required an orthotopic liver transplant in 2010 due to a trifocal hepatocarcinoma. In postoperatory follow-up the patient showed alimentary regurgitation, vomiting, and dyspepsia. The diagnosis was made by an oesophagogastroduodenal transit with barium and an abdominal CT scan that showed a left diaphragmatic herniation with the gastric fundus into the thorax. With these findings we decided to perform a programmed surgery. After takedown of adhesions and replacement of the stomach into the upper abdomen, the palm-sized diaphragmatic opening was closed with a synthetic material. The patient’s condition remained stable throughout the entire operation. The postoperative course was uneventful and he was discharged at the fifth day after surgery with a normal digestive intake. In a 12-month follow-up the patient shows no symptoms.