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Case Reports in Surgery
Volume 2015, Article ID 971364, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/971364
Case Report

Spontaneous Involution of a Presumably Rathke’s Cleft Cyst in a Patient with Slight Subclinical Hypopituitarism: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Department of Neurosurgery, Friedrich-Schiller University of Jena, Erlanger Allee 101, 07747 Jena, Germany

Received 3 June 2015; Accepted 20 August 2015

Academic Editor: Cheng-Yu Long

Copyright © 2015 Diaa Al Safatli et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Rathke cleft cyst is described as benign intrasellar cyst. They are mostly small and asymptomatic; they may become large enough to cause symptoms by compression of intrasellar or suprasellar structures. We report on a case of spontaneous regression of a symptomatic RCC with subsequent recovery of preexisting endocrine dysfunction and resolution of headaches. A 60-year-old man complained about headaches. Laboratory investigation revealed a partial hypopituitarism with a slight central hypothyroidism without need for substitution. An MRI study showed a cystic, T2-hyperintense, sellar lesion compatible with a RCC. At one year follow-up, the patient had no complaints and the hormone work-up revealed a regression of the previous slight hypopituitarism. The MRI study showed a complete regression of the cystic lesion and a normal sized and shaped pituitary gland. The spontaneous regression of cystic sellar lesions is rare. The exact mechanism of the possible spontaneous involution of RCC is until now not well understood. However, spontaneous regression is possible and justifies the conservative therapy with regular clinical and radiological follow-up for asymptomatic patients or patients with symptoms not caused by the mass effect of these lesions.