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Case Reports in Surgery
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 7515760, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7515760
Case Report

Kirschner Wire Breakage during Removal Requiring Retrieval

1Salisbury NHS Foundation Trust, Salisbury SP2 8BJ, UK
2Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge CB2 0QQ, UK

Received 11 July 2016; Accepted 27 September 2016

Academic Editor: Christoph Schmitz

Copyright © 2016 Kai Yuen Wong et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Kirschner wires (K-wires) are widely used for fixation of fractures and dislocations in the hand as they are readily available, reliable, and cost-effective. Complication rates of up to 18% have been reported. However, K-wire breakage during removal is rare. We present one such case illustrating a simple technique for retrieval. A 35-year-old male presented with a distal phalanx fracture of his right middle finger. This open fracture was treated with K-wire fixation. Postoperatively, he developed a pin site infection with associated finger swelling. The K-wire broke during removal with the proximal piece completely retained in his middle phalanx. To minimise risk of osteomyelitis, the K-wire was removed with a novel surgical technique. He had full return of hand function. Intraoperative K-wire breakage has a reported rate of 0.1%. In our case, there was no obvious cause of breakage and the patient denied postoperative trauma. On the other hand, pin site infections are much more common with reported rates of up to 7% in the hand or wrist. K-wire fixation is a simple method for bony stabilisation but can be a demanding procedure with complications often overlooked. It is important to be aware of the potential sequelae.