Case Reports in Surgery / 2019 / Article / Fig 3

Case Report

Complete Resection without Any Ostomies by Laparoscopic Extended Surgery for Locally Advanced T4 Sigmoid Colon Cancer Invading the Urinary Bladder and Ureter

Figure 3

Laparoscopic views before and after the extended surgery with en bloc resection of the urinary bladder, left ureter, and left lateral lymph nodes. EIV: external iliac vein; EIA: external iliac artery; IOM: internal obturator muscle; LAM: levator ani muscle; IIA: internal iliac artery.

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