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Case Reports in Transplantation
Volume 2012, Article ID 646195, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/646195
Case Report

Acinetobacter baumannii Septicemia in a Recipient of an Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation

1Section of Adult Hematology and Hematopoietic, Stem Cell Transplant, Oncology Center, King Fahad Specialist Hospital, P.O. Box 15215, Dammam 31444, Saudi Arabia
2Section of Microbiology, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, King Fahad Specialist Hospital, P.O. Box 15215, Dammam 31444, Saudi Arabia

Received 22 April 2012; Accepted 5 July 2012

Academic Editors: M. G. . H. Betjes, C. Costa, and M. Klinger

Copyright © 2012 Khalid Ahmed Al-Anazi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Acinetobacter baumannii is a gram-negative, nonfermentative coccobacillus that causes infections in immunocompromised and chronically ill patients and is associated with multidrug resistance. Two days before receiving her nonmyeloablative stem cell allograft, a patient with acute myeloid leukemia developed Acinetobacter baumannii bacteremia that caused septic shock which was successfully treated with imipenem and removal of the central venous catheter. To our knowledge, this is the first report of Acinetobacter baumannii septicemia in a hematopietic stem cell transplantation recipient.