Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Case Reports in Transplantation
Volume 2015, Article ID 424508, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/424508
Case Report

Gastrointestinal Bleeding and Diffuse Skin Thickening as Kaposi Sarcoma Clinical Presentation

1Department of Nephrology, Centro Hospitalar do Médio Tejo, Avenida Xanana Gusmão, Apartado 45, 2350-754 Torres Novas, Portugal
2Department of Nephrology, Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Ocidental, Avenida Professor Reinaldo dos Santos, 2790-134 Carnaxide, Portugal

Received 14 October 2015; Accepted 12 November 2015

Academic Editor: Mohammed Rafique Moosa

Copyright © 2015 Sara Querido et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. L. Calenoff, “Gastrointestinal Kaposi's sarcoma: roentgen manifestations,” American Journal of Roentgenology, vol. 114, no. 3, pp. 525–528, 1972. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. M. A. Hanid, M. Suleiman, A. Haleem, M. Al Karawi, and A. Al Khader, “Gastrointestinal Kaposi's sarcoma in renal transplant patients,” Quarterly Journal of Medicine, vol. 73, no. 272, pp. 1143–1149, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. E. Gotti and G. Remuzzi, “Post-transplant Kaposi's sarcoma,” Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 130–137, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. C. Mendez and C. V. Paya, “Kaposi's sarcoma and transplantation,” Herpes, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 18–23, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. I. Penn, “Sarcomas in organ allograft recipients,” Transplantation, vol. 60, no. 12, pp. 1485–1491, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. F. A. Shepherd, E. Maher, C. Cardella et al., “Treatment of Kaposi's sarcoma after solid organ transplantation,” Journal of Clinical Oncology, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 2371–2377, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. D. Farge, “Kaposi's sarcoma in organ transplant recipients,” European Journal of Medicine, vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 339–343, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. Q. Wajeh, A. Mohamed, K. Sheth et al., “Kaposi's sarcoma: the most common tumor after renal transplantation in Saudi Arabia,” The American Journal of Medicine, vol. 84, no. 2, pp. 225–232, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. IARC, IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans. Biological Agents, vol. 100B, IARC, Lyon, France, 2012.
  10. A. L. Weigert, A. Pires, T. Adragão et al., “Human herpes virus-8 serology and DNA analysis in recipients of renal allografts showing Kaposi's sarcoma and their respective donors,” Transplantation Proceedings, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 902–904, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. I. Penn, “The changing patterns of post transplant malignancies,” Transplantation Proceedings, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 1101–1103, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. O. Radu and L. Pantanowitz, “Kaposi sarcoma,” Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, vol. 137, no. 2, pp. 289–294, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. W. B. Reed, H. M. Kamath, and L. Weiss, “Kaposi's sarcoma with emphasis on internal manifestations,” Archives of Dermatology, vol. 110, pp. 115–118, 1974. View at Google Scholar
  14. H. S. Rose, E. J. Balthazar, A. J. Megibow, L. Horowitz, and L. J. Laubenstein, “Alimentary tract involvement in Kaposi sarcoma: radiographic and endoscopic findings in 25 homosexual men,” American Journal of Roentgenology, vol. 139, no. 4, pp. 661–666, 1982. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. R. Hanno, L. G. Owen, and J. P. Callen, “Kaposi's sarcoma with extensive silent internal involvement,” International Journal of Dermatology, vol. 18, no. 9, pp. 718–721, 1979. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. C. H. Lin, C. W. Hsu, Y. J. Chiang, K. F. Ng, and C. T. Chiu, “Esophageal and gastric Kaposi's sarcoma presenting as upper gastrointestinal bleeding,” Chang Gung Medical Journal, vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 329–333, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  17. J. Ablin, Z. Ackerman, and R. Eliakim, “Diffuse gastrointestinal hemorrhage as a presentation of systemic Kaposi's sarcoma,” The American Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 93, pp. 1390–1391, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  18. D. E. Fay and H. Nisbeth, “Massive gastrointestinal hemorrhage in an immunosuppressed man due to gastric Kaposi's sarcoma,” American Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 85, no. 5, pp. 607–609, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. P. Perdoti, M. Cardillo, G. Rossimi et al., “Incidence of cancer after kideny transplant: results from the north Italy transplant program,” Transplantation, vol. 76, no. 10, pp. 1448–1451, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. G. Mauduit, A. Madonna, N. Lefrancois et al., “Kaposi angiosarcoma in renal transplant recipients,” La Presse Médicale, vol. 16, pp. 2047–2050, 1987. View at Google Scholar
  21. B. Szende, A. Toth, F. Perner, K. Nagy, and K. Takacs, “Clinicopathologic aspects of 8 Kaposi's sarcomas among 1009 renal transplant patients,” General and Diagnostic Pathology, vol. 143, no. 4, pp. 209–213, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. P. L. Bedani, I. S. Risichella, R. Strumia et al., “Kaposi's sarcoma in renal transplant recipients: pathogenetic relation between the reduced density of Langerhans cells and cyclosporin-A therapy,” Journal of Nephrology, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 193–196, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. R. K. Saltz, R. C. Kurtz, C. J. Lightdale et al., “Kaposi's sarcoma. Gastrointestinal involvement correlation with skin findings and immunologic function,” Digestive Diseases and Sciences, vol. 29, no. 9, pp. 817–823, 1984. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. S. D. Wall, S. Ominsky, D. F. Altman et al., “Multifocal abnormalities of the gastrointestinal tract in AIDS,” American Journal of Roentgenology, vol. 146, no. 1, pp. 1–5, 1986. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. S. A. Mansfield, S. P. A. Stawicki, R. C. Forbes, T. J. Papadimos, and D. E. Lindsey, “Acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding secondary to Kaposi sarcoma as initial presentation of HIV infection,” Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 441–445, 2013. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. J. Ling, R. Coron, P. Basak, and S. Jesmajian, “Recurrent lower gastrointestinal bleeding due to primary colonic Kaposi's sarcoma in a patient with AIDS,” International Journal of STD and AIDS, vol. 24, no. 11, pp. 908–911, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. J. D. Martínez, G. Hernández, C. Salinas et al., “Gastric Kaposi sarcoma in a patient with HIV,” Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 145–147, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  28. L. Pantongrag-Brown, A. M. Nelson, A. E. Brown, P. C. Buetow, and J. L. Buck, “Gastrointestinal manifestations of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: radiologic-pathologic correlation,” RadioGraphics, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 1155–1178, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. G. Stallone, B. Infante, G. Grandaliano, F. P. Schena, and L. Gesualdo, “Kaposi's sarcoma and mTOR: a crossroad between viral infection neoangiogenesis and immunosuppression,” Transplant International, vol. 21, no. 9, pp. 825–832, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. G. Zavos, D. Moris, S. Vernadakis et al., “Incidence and management of Kaposi sarcoma in renal transplant recipients: the Greek experience,” Transplantation Proceedings, vol. 46, no. 9, pp. 3199–3202, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar