Figure 3: Method of venoplasty for removal of CVC cast in donor IVC prior to transplantation. Panel (a): anterior view of the native donor suprahepatic caval anatomy prior to venoplasty, with an area of inflammation and calcification due to foreign body reaction. Panel (b): anterior view postvenoplasty, demonstrating the areas of the IVC and MHV/LHV junction that were repaired to improve venous outflow and the overall integrity of the suprahepatic caval anastomosis.