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Case Reports in Urology
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 4508583, 4 pages
Case Report

Mycotic Aneurysm after Bacillus Calmette-Guérin Treatment: Case Report and Review of the Literature

Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to Nathaniel D. Coddington

Received 22 November 2016; Accepted 24 January 2017; Published 20 February 2017

Academic Editor: Fumitaka Koga

Copyright © 2017 Nathaniel D. Coddington et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background. Intravesicular Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) is an effective adjunctive therapy for superficial bladder cancer that has been shown to delay recurrence and progression of disease. Serious side effects are relatively rare but are difficult to diagnosis and commonly overlooked. Case Presentation. We report the case of a patient who was found to have mycotic aortic aneurysms secondary to treatment with BCG after a prolonged course with multiple intervening hospitalizations. Conclusion. Through this report, we discuss our present understanding of BCG infection following treatment and review the literature regarding this particular rare manifestation.