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Case Reports in Vascular Medicine
Volume 2014, Article ID 160824, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/160824
Case Report

Presence of Arteriovenous Communication between Left Testicular Vessels and Its Clinical Significance

1Melaka Manipal Medical College (Manipal Campus), Manipal University, Manipal 576 104, India
2Department of Anatomy, Melaka Manipal Medical College (Manipal Campus), Manipal University, Manipal 576 104, India

Received 17 December 2013; Accepted 27 January 2014; Published 4 March 2014

Academic Editors: J.-W. Chen and X.-M. Yuan

Copyright © 2014 Naveen Kumar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Maintenance of testicular temperature below body temperature is essential for the process of spermatogenesis. This process of thermoregulation is mainly achieved by testicular veins through pampiniform venous plexus of the testis by absorbing the heat conveyed by the testicular arteries. However, this mechanism of thermoregulation may be hampered if an abnormal communication exists between the testicular vessels. We report herewith a rare case of arteriovenous communication between testicular artery and testicular vein on left side. The calibre of the communicating vessel was almost similar to left testicular artery. Such abnormal communication may obstruct the flow of blood in the vein by causing impairment in the perfusion pressure with the eventual high risk of varicocele.