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Case Reports in Vascular Medicine
Volume 2018, Article ID 5809656, 3 pages
Case Report

A Rare Anatomical Variation of the Termination of Right and Left Cephalic Veins

1Department of Basic Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ho, Volta Region, Ghana
2School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Ghana, Legon, Accra, Ghana

Correspondence should be addressed to Raymond Saa-Eru Maalman; hg.ude.sahu@namlaamr

Received 2 December 2017; Revised 19 January 2018; Accepted 28 January 2018; Published 21 February 2018

Academic Editor: Muzaffer Sindel

Copyright © 2018 Raymond Saa-Eru Maalman et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Clinically, the cephalic vein is preferred for haemodialysis in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF), to remove waste products from blood. The cut-down of cephalic vein in the deltopectoral groove is preferred when superior vena caval infusion is necessary. However, cephalic veins exhibit a wide array of developmental variations in terms of formation, course, and termination. In this report, we describe a case of an anomalous cephalic vein with a bifid course of terminations on both left and right upper limbs which has not been described by previous literature. During routine gross anatomy dissection of the neck, we observed a rare case of variation of the termination of the cephalic vein in both right and left upper limbs, of a male cadaver. Knowledge of the variations of cephalic vein is important not only for anatomists but also for surgeons and clinicians as the vein is frequently used for different surgical procedures and for obtaining peripheral venous access as well.