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Case Reports in Veterinary Medicine
Volume 2012, Article ID 231751, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/231751
Case Report

Localized Subcutaneous Acute Febrile Neutrophilic Dermatosis in a Dog

1Division of Small Animal Surgery and Orthopedics, Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Berne, Laenggassstrasse 128, 3012 Berne, Switzerland
2Institute of Animal Pathology, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Berne, Laenggassstrasse 122, 3012 Berne, Switzerland
3Division of Clinical Dermatology, Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Berne, Laenggassstrasse 128, 3012 Berne, Switzerland

Received 10 April 2012; Accepted 12 July 2012

Academic Editors: J. Lakritz, C. Noli, and R. M. Santos

Copyright © 2012 Karolin Schoellhorn et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A two-year-old spayed female mixed-breed dog was presented with a five-day history of hemorrhagic gastroenteritis and fever. On physical examination, the dog was lethargic and clinically dehydrated. The skin of the entire ventral abdomen extending to both flanks was erythematous, swollen and painful on palpation. Histopathological examination of skin biopsies revealed a severe diffuse neutrophilic dermatitis and panniculitis, resembling the subcutaneous form of Sweet’s syndrome in humans. A large part of the skin lesion developed full-thickness necrosis. After intensive care, three surgical wound debridements and wound adaptations, the wound healed by secondary intention within ten weeks. In the absence of infection of the skin or neoplasia, a diagnosis of neutrophilic dermatosis and panniculitis, resembling the subcutaneous form of acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis, was made.