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Case Reports in Veterinary Medicine
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 141094, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/141094
Case Report

Metastasis of a Prostatic Carcinoma along an Omental Graft in a Dog

1Park Pet Hospital, 7378 N. Teutonia Avenue, Milwaukee, WI 53209, USA
2Department of Pathobiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin, 2015 Linden Drive, Madison, WI 53706, USA
3Wisconsin Veterinary Referral Center, Waukesha, WI 53188, USA
4Department of Small Animal Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, Oregon State University, 267 Magruder Hall, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA

Received 17 February 2013; Accepted 11 March 2013

Academic Editors: S. M. Abutarbush, C. Hyun, R. M. Santos, and S. Stuen

Copyright © 2013 Terry M. Jacobs et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

An 11-year-old male American Bulldog was presented for hematuria and tenesmus. It had been treated for chronic bacterial prostatitis with abscessation two years earlier and underwent castration and a prostatic omentalization procedure. There was no histologic evidence of prostatic neoplasia at that time. On physical examination, an enlarged prostate was found by rectal palpation, and it was characterized with ultrasonography and computed tomography. Surgical biopsies were obtained, and histopathology identified prostatic adenocarcinoma. It received carprofen and mitoxantrone chemotherapy in addition to palliative radiation therapy; it was euthanized six weeks later due to a progression of clinical signs. Necropsy findings included marked localized expansion of the prostatic tumor and dissemination of prostatic carcinoma cells throughout the peritoneal cavity along the omental graft with infiltration onto the serosal surfaces of most abdominal viscera and fat. This case represents a previously unreported potential complication of the omentalization procedure wherein carcinoma cells from a prostatic tumor that independently arose after omentalization may have metastasized along the surgically created omental graft.