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Case Reports in Veterinary Medicine
Volume 2014, Article ID 704239, 2 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/704239
Case Report

A Case of Newcastle Disease Virus in Red-Headed Lovebird in Sudan

Veterinary Research Institute, P.O. Box 8067, Khartoum, Sudan

Received 16 July 2014; Accepted 6 October 2014; Published 30 October 2014

Academic Editor: Nektarios D. Giadinis

Copyright © 2014 Egbal Sidahmed Abdelrahim and Jedda Elhag. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Two diseased red-headed lovebirds were presented for diagnosis to the Department of Avian Diseases and Diagnosis, Veterinary Research Institute, aged 37 days and 4 years. The symptoms were dyspnea, cyanosis of the comb, diarrhea, and fever. Postmortem lesions included pale liver and bloody enteritis. Newcastle disease virus was isolated from lungs, trachea, and intestines following inoculation in the allantoic cavity of 10-day-old fertile eggs; the NDV was identified by the means of HA&HI tests using specific NDV antisera (Lasota strain). The isolate agglutinated equine RBCs but failed to agglutinate sheep and bovine RBCs. The pathogenicity of the NDV isolate was studied, the mean death time was 96 hours, and the intracerebral pathogenicity index (ICPI) value was 0.9, indicating the isolate of lentogenic type.