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Canadian Respiratory Journal
Volume 3, Issue 6, Pages 417-421
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/1996/395860
Mechanical Ventilation Symposium

Outcome from Acute Repsiratory Distress Syndrome: Is It Really Improving?

Jesús Villar1 and Arthur S Slutsky2

1Research Institute, Hospital de la Candelaria, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain
2Samuel Lunenfeld Research Institute, Mount Sinai Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Copyright © 1996 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Assessing the severity of the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is important in determining the prognosis in any given patient and in assessing the adequacy of various forms of therapy. Mortality from ARDS has been high since the syndrome was first described almost 30 years ago. Sepsis and extrapulmonary organ failure are the major contributing factors affecting the probability of survival in patients with ARDS. Although studies of ARDS frequently are not comparable because of varying definitions and inhomogeneity of patients, it appears that the mortality rate from ARDS has dropped by about 20% in the past 10 years.