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Canadian Respiratory Journal
Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 41-44
Case Report

Fibrosing Mediastinitis: Successful Stenting of the Pulmonary Artery

Rennae Thiessen,1 Fred Matzinger,1 Jean Seely,1 Rima Aina,1 and Peter MacLeod2

1Department of Diagnostic Imaging, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
2Division of Respirology, Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Copyright © 2008 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Fibrosing mediastinitis is a rare benign condition, which can cause compression of the pulmonary or systemic vessels, tracheobronchial tree, coronary arteries or esophagus, leading to disabling clinical symptoms and even death. The case of a 26-year-old woman who presented with dyspnea is described. She was found to have 80% stenosis of the right pulmonary artery secondary to fibrosing mediastinitis. The stenosis was managed successfully with an endovascular Palmaz-Schatz stent, and the patient remains symptom-free 10 years later.