Canadian Respiratory Journal

Canadian Respiratory Journal / 2012 / Article

Original Article | Open Access

Volume 19 |Article ID 764545 | 7 pages | https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/764545

Vascular Compromise and Hemodynamics in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: Model Predictions

Abstract

A previously validated computer model of the normal pulmonary circulation is adapted to simulate pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in humans. Model predictions are used to explore the suitability of currently accepted criteria for diagnosing PAH by correlating hemodynamic data with the degree of vascular compromise (disease severity).Model predictions demonstrate a hyperbolic relationship between vascular compromise, mean pulmonary artery pressure (PAPm) and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR). PAPm and PVR change very little from disease initiation until a vascular compromise of 65% to 70% (surface area of 0.35 to 0.3 of baseline, respectively) is reached. Following that, further compromise is associated with a steep rise in PAPm and PVR.The relationship between vascular compromise and hemodynamics may explain the relative stability of cardiac output early in this disease process and, therefore, the lack of symptoms. It also explains the rapid deterioration following diagnosis if the disease remains untreated.Model predictions demonstrate the inadequacy of the current hemodynamic criteria for diagnosing PAH over a wide range of left atrial pressure and cardiac output combinations and for early detection of disease. The model provides an alternative approach to diagnosing PAH by translating hemodynamic data to degree of vascular compromise.

Copyright © 2012 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


More related articles

230 Views | 191 Downloads | 1 Citation
 PDF  Download Citation  Citation
 Order printed copiesOrder

Related articles

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly and safely as possible. Any author submitting a COVID-19 paper should notify us at help@hindawi.com to ensure their research is fast-tracked and made available on a preprint server as soon as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted articles related to COVID-19. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.